Harvard We are still as far as ever from mounting a delusion in Canada balsam or from detecting despondency in a test tube. For instance as one of the innumerable examples, I have for years heard hundreds of times each day the question: Why do you not say it? In addition, shortly after he died, Sigmund Freud used the Memoirs as the basis for a projection of his own fantasy, something he called "Psycho-Analytic Notes on an Autobiographical Account of a Case of Paranoia. The everyday world of the schizophrenic is filled with so many disconcerting, off-the-wall manifestations that one would have to be a looneycakes just to put up with it all. For example, Schreber writes of the "little men" who crowd around his days.
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Case Studies of Sigmund Freud Instead, Freud read of his experience in his publication, Memoirs of My Nervous Illness and published his own analysis of Schreber eight years later in Notes upon an autobiographical account of a case of paranoia dementia paranoides In the later publication, Freud invoked his own ideas which would eventually form the basis of the psychodynamic approach in psychology. Learn more Daniel Paul Schreber was born in Leipzig, Germany in , the second of five children of Pauline and Daniel Gottlieb Moritz Schreber , the latter being a renowned physician who would become the director of a sanitorium in Leipzig in An intelligent man, he followed his older brother, Gustav, into the legal profession, with both brothers becoming judges.
Daniel himself would suffer from mental illnesses on numerous occasions throughout his life, leading to him being institutionalised for at least two times. After running as a candidate in the Reichstag elections of , Schreber was defeated - a result which he found difficult to accept. He sought help from Paul Flechsig , a professor of psychiatry at the University of Leipzig.
On October 1st, , Schreber took up a new position as the Senate president of an Oberlandesgericht court in Dresden. After receiving prior notice of his new position, he had began to experience dreams in which his initial problems would return. He became over-sensitive to both light and audio stimulation, whilst experiencing fantasies of a morbid nature, such as that he was suffering from a plague.
Schreber also expressed a belief that an onus was on him to save the world, but that this could only be achieved by him being transformed into a woman, creating a new population after being impregnated by God. The persistence of his experiences led Schreber to attempt suicide by various means, including trying to drown himself in a bath, but he failed. Schreber was eventually moved between hospitals until he ended up in Sonnenstein Castle, which served as an asylum at the time.
On the one hand, he was able to engage in polite conversation and possessed a keen intellect. At the same time, however, he accepted his own fantasies. Schreber was himself, Freud recalled, not a particularly religious man, taking an agnostic view of religious affairs. However, prior to his illness, he had begun to experience religious doubts - unusual for a man who placed no great importance on spiritual affairs. But why did Schreber feel the need to be turned into a woman?
Freud also attached significance to the breakdown in patient-doctor relationship between Schreber and his initial therapist, Professor Flechsig. Why, asked Freud, had the patient turned against Flechsig during their second set of consultations after the professor had helped him to recover from his first period illness? Did Schreber also experience desires towards Flechsig? Freud described how transference occurred in two forms.
Firstly, Flechsig may have merely represented his older brother, Gustav, whom Freud believed Schreber had experienced repressed feelings towards. As Schreber would have felt it to be unacceptable to express his repressed feelings explicitly towards Flechsig, we see in his fantasy a desire to copulate instead with a third party, God.
However, Freud noted that the uncommon attributes of God as described by Schreiber resembled his impression of his father, and suggested a second occurrence of transference between the two. Schreber wrote Memoirs of My Nervous Illness in which he detailed his experiences whilst in hospital, but remained in care until his release in , and his book was published in
Schreber, Daniel Paul - Memoirs of My Nervous Illness (OCR)
Felabar Elias Canetti also devoted the closing chapters of his theoretical magnum opus Crowds and Power to a reading of Schreber. A the experience he This is pretty much unreadable, although I surprised myself by making it through pages before finally giving up. However, the entire crisis which Schreber describes in his book is the dangerous combination between humanity and God within the mind of Schreber. Daniel Paul Schreber Schreber accused Flechsig of attempting to murder his soul and change him into a woman. I especially relate to the fleeting-improvised-men.
Memoirs of My Nervous Illness Quotes