DARLEY AND LATANE 1968 PDF

To diffuse means to spread something widely, so if there are more people around the responsibility of helping is spread amongst those people so individuals feels less direct responsibility for helping. So the more people there are around to help, the less likely any will help. In situations of uncertainty, we tend to look to others for information on how to behave. Many emergency situations begin ambiguously, i.

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To diffuse means to spread something widely, so if there are more people around the responsibility of helping is spread amongst those people so individuals feels less direct responsibility for helping. So the more people there are around to help, the less likely any will help. In situations of uncertainty, we tend to look to others for information on how to behave. Many emergency situations begin ambiguously, i.

In situations where someone requires help, if other around are not helping then we may not help either. There are two types of social influence that have been termed by social psychologists normative and informational social influence. You can read more about those here. Supporting Studies Smokey Room In this experiment participants sat in a waiting room and filled out a questionnaire on life as a student.

After completing two pages of the questionnaire, the room slowly filled with smoke that was puffed through an air vent. By the time the participant would have finished filling out the survey, visibility was impaired due to the smoke in the room.

Researcher Collapsing In this experiment participants were again filling out a questionnaire and then as the female researcher left the room they heard a crash, the sound of a body falling and the moaning of someone in pain. The results were similar to those above. They were lead to believe that the researchers were researching about personal problems of students and that they were alone with one other student or with four other students taking part in the experiment at the same time.

There were actually no other participants, however, they were just tape recordings. The participants heard the recordings of the other students, the first of which said they suffered from seizures sometimes.

The real participant spoke last and as they spoke, the first student was heard again and started complaining and it appeared as if they were having a seizure. They then choked and went silent.

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Darley and Latane (1968)

An emergency situation is staged and researchers measure how long it takes the participants to intervene, if they intervene. These experiments have found that the presence of others inhibits helping, often by a large margin. Increased bystander presence can increase the likelihood that someone would intervene, [1] even if the chance of each individual bystander responding is reduced. In one condition, subjects asked a bystander for his or her name. More people provided an answer when the students gave their name first. In another condition, the students asked bystanders for a dime.

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Key Studies: Darley and Latane – Bystanderism (1968)

She screamed for help, but no one aided her. In fact, it took about thirty-five minutes into the attack for one person to call the police, but when police finally arrived, Genovese had been stabbed to death. Why did no one help Genovese? Why did the only person willing wait thirty-five minutes to do so? Darley and Latane believed it was a phenomenon called diffusion of responsibility at work. Diffusion of Responsibility is when the number of bystanders increase, the less inclined to help a person feels as the personal responsibility is put off to the other bystanders. Darley and Latane tested this by conducting the following experiment to see if people were more likely to act in emergency situations if the amount of bystanders was small versus if people would react at all if the amount of bystanders was large.

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