ENSET PRODUCTION IN ETHIOPIA PDF

Tojakazahn The leaves and pseudostems are utilized for wrapping, sheeting to sit, thatching, making enet, shading from sunshine and protecting from rain [ 6 ]. Thus, cautious interpretation is required on general statements of Ethiopian diet. Ertiro, A linear model for predicting enset plant yield and assessment of Kocho production in Ethiopia. The productivities of Gena and Neqaqa are Richer farmers can generally afford to iin a higher level of farm biodiversity because they have more resources such as land, labour and livestock. These food sources need to be supplemented in order to provide enough protein in general and specifically the deficient amino acids in Kocho and the root crops.

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Though the roots are an important foodstuff, the fruits are inedible insipid, flavorless [6] and have hard, black, rounded seeds. After flowering, the plant dies. The Food and Agriculture Organization reports that "enset provides more amount of foodstuff per unit area than most cereals.

It is estimated that 40 to 60 enset plants occupying sq. Because of the long period of time from planting to harvest, plantings need to be staggered over time, to ensure that there is enset available for harvest in every season.

Enset will tolerate drought better than most cereal crops. Wild enset plants are produced from seeds , while most domesticated plants are propagated from suckers. Up to suckers can be produced from just one mother plant. Enset is often intercropped with sorghum , although the practice amongst the Gedeo people is to intercrop it with coffee. Fermenting these pulverised parts results in a food called kocho.

Bulla is made from the liquid squeezed out of the mixture and sometimes eaten as a porridge, while the remaining solids are suitable for consumption after a settling period of some days. Mixed kocho and bulla can be kneaded into dough, then flattened and baked over a fire. Kocho is in places regarded as a delicacy, suitable for serving at feasts and ceremonies such as weddings, when wheat flour is added.

The fresh corm is cooked like potatoes before eating. It is a major crop, although often supplemented with cereal crops. Hence farmers were overexploiting their Enset reserves thereby causing gradual losses and disappearance of the false banana as an important household food security reserve.

This basically means that a great many people who used to close the food gap with false banana consumption are not able to do so any more, and lacking a viable alternative, have become food insecure and highly vulnerable to climatic and economic disruptions of their agricultural system. In frost-prone areas it requires winter protection under glass.

Dried leaf-sheaths are used as packing material, serving the same function as Western foam plastic and polystyrene. The entire plant but the roots is used to feed livestock. In the British Consul at Mussowah sent some seeds to Kew Gardens , mentioning that their native name was ansett. Kew, quite understandably, did not make the connection, especially as they had never before seen such seeds.

However, when the seeds had germinated and the plants had rapidly gained size, their relationship to the true banana became obvious. The Cataenococcus enset feeds on the roots and corm of the enset plant which leads to slower growth and easier uprooting. Even though enset can be infested at all age stages, the highest risk is between the second or fourth growth year. In return, they feed on the mealybug honeydew. Third, flooding events can transport the mealybug over longer distances and reach enset plants.

However, the main transport vectors are unclean working tools and the usage of already infected suckers. The latter erode the corm and pseudostem. The nematode infestation leads to the easy uprooting of the affected plants. Crop rotation can counteract high nematode infestations. Other diseases have been observed such as Okka and Woqa which occur respectively in case of severe drought and in situations of too much water in the soil which causes the proliferation of bacteria.

These problems can be solved by either watering the field when drought is present or by draining the soil to avoid too much water. This disease is caused by Mycospharella spp. They mainly live in the densely populated highlands of south, southwest Ethiopia. This is mainly because of a decrease of fertilization through manure and an increase in demand, especially during droughts. At such times, enset becomes the only resource available.

Men are banned from the field during this process. Women are more likely to precisely recognize the different varieties of the plant than men. Indeed, they differentiate "male" varieties from "female" varieties, according to the preferences of men and women who harvest them. More than 11 ethnic groups with different cultures, traditions and agricultural systems inhabit the enset-growing regions.

This contributes to the high number of varieties. A dying out of enset varieties would hence also make disappear a part of cultural practices and linguistic terms in Ethiopia Negash et al. Richer farmers can generally afford to maintain a higher level of farm biodiversity because they have more resources such as land, labour and livestock.

Therefore, they can cultivate more varieties with differing specific characteristics.

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ENSET PRODUCTION IN ETHIOPIA PDF

Comparative nutrient compositions of enset varieties Bulla and corm. The fresh corm is cooked like potatoes before eating. Once it reaches certain stage of growth, cultivated enset can be utilized for several purposes throughout a year [ 8 ]. American Geographical Society, In Table 3we indicated that eset corm is more nutritious than bulla in terms of essential amino acids composition. Focusing mostly on the corm amicho by the farmers signifies their appropriate traditional knowledge of its better nutrient composition based on our study.

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There are several enset varieties or clones mainly produced for their starch from the pseudostem while some are exclusively cultivated for their corm. Kocho, bulla, and corm amicho are the main food products of enset. We studied the nutritional, socio-economic, and cultural values of this crop. The corm Neqaqa was found to be more nutritious than bulla Gena except in starch and zinc contents.

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