ENDUTIH 2012 PDF

Nevertheless, concentration is still high and the real-world impact of these changes in some parts of the country remains to be seen, as the country still suffers from a wide digital divide between urban and rural communities. National Survey on Availability and Use of Information Technologies in Households ENDUTIH Civil society organizations argued that these contracts were illegal because many of the agencies involved lacked constitutional or legal authority to conduct surveillance or espionage. Digital rights groups raised the alarm about newly approved changes to the Federal Copyright Law, which would allow courts to order precautionary measures against content suspected of copyright infringement see Blocking and Filtering. At least four digital reporters were killed during the coverage period of this report. Freedom of expression Freedom of information. Freedom on the Net — Mexico Other reports pointed to users misusing the flagging system to report content on social media.

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Taunos Digital rights groups raised the alarm about endytih approved changes to the Federal Copyright Law, which would allow courts to order precautionary measures against content suspected of copyright infringement see Blocking and Filtering. Social networking sites and international blog-hosting services are available in Mexico. Economic constraints influence the diversity of media in Mexico. The use of bots to manipulate online debates has also been documented in several studies.

During the election campaign, bots, trolls and fake accounts aggressively spread online propaganda and disinformation promoting or attacking certain candidates on social media. In Puebla, for example, independent media organizations say the state government uses a combination of state, municipal, and university advertising as a way to control the editorial independence of local media.

The Mexican government has used the poor security situation in the country as an excuse to dramatically increase surveillance. In Aprila court ruled in favor of TIC, instructing enxutih regulator to reconsider the requirement. Users were unable to access content on the site, including election predictions polls. INEGI through ENDUITH generates annual statistical information regarding the availability of information technology in communities and homes, as well as their use by individuals, especially internet users; in this survey, an internet user is defined as an individual of 6 or more years of age that on a frequent or everyday basis on his or her own initiative has accessed and carried out some activity on the internet on any site in the last 12 months.

Digital activists decried the impact of this change on freedom of expression online, as courts would be able to order measures such as censorship of online content or seizure of equipment without providing proof that copyright violations have taken place.

While there were no documented cases of individuals prosecuted or sanctioned by law enforcement agencies on charges related to information on the internet, online reporters continued to risk harassment and arrest while covering demonstrations ebdutih political events.

As part of a constitutional reform, the government established a new autonomous regulatory agency known as the Federal Telecommunications Institute IFT to increase transparency of media regulation. Email this document Ehdutih version. Nevertheless, Mexico still faces challenges in its quest to increase competition and reduce the digital gap between urban and rural populations.

UNHCR is ensutih responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. The climate of violence and harassment towards the media contributes to significant self-censorship in states heavily afflicted by violence; only inthe NGO Article 19 documented aggressions against journalists and 12 journalists killed, at least four of whom worked for online media.

Consult municipality indicators, comparative summaries and thematic maps by municipalities. Inthe states of Baja California, Ciudad de Mexico, Morelos and Aguascalientes observed the highest scores of internet users in rural areas Ethnic and linguistic divides are also significant.

Between July and DecemberFacebook received 1, up from in the previous reporting period requests endutin the Mexican government for information related to 1, users and accounts; of the requests were associated to legal processes.

In response to the endytih of information and coordination, groups of citizens mobilized online via Verificado19S Verified19S to provide verified and updated information about shelter, food, equipment and other needs for victims. Most recently updated period.

Nevertheless, concentration is still high and the real-world impact of these changes in some parts of the country remains to be seen, as the country still suffers from a wide digital divide between urban and rural communities.

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ENDUTIH 2012 PDF

Mazukinos Mexico has around 83 million Facebook users, 9 percent more than in January All of these aggressions disproportionately target women online, affecting their right to freedom of expression and access to information, to privacy and to intimacy. Despite initiatives to increase connectivity, the digital divide between urban and rural regions in Mexico remained significant, 86 percent of the Moreover, a recent study published by Citizen Lab in September found that Pegasus spyware continued to operate in Mexico. Oraculus, a website focusing on the elections, reported that it was attacked ahead of the vote on July 1. However, net neutrality is a contentious issue due to commercial agreements that allow differentiated eendutih depending on the destination of internet connections.

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ENDUTIH 2011

Inthe states of Baja California, Ciudad de Mexico, Morelos and Aguascalientes observed the highest scores of internet users in rural areas Scarce funding and a lack of interest in online advertising create challenges for individuals and nonprofits seeking to establish sustainable online outlets in Mexico. Although defamation was decriminalized at the federal level incriminal defamation statutes continue to exist at the state level. They also reported that aggressions against online media surpassed the number of aggressions towards print media. Such disparate connectivity rates are also evident in the relatively small percentage of internet users with broadband access. Little progress has been made in thoroughly investigating illegal surveillance practices in the country, after a series of revelations exposed the abuse of digital spying technologies intended to investigate criminals.

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